was a devastating tropical storm that hit the east coast of Africa.
Cyclone Eline started on the 9th
February and lasted about three weeks until around the 2nd March
on the south east coast of Africa, was badly affected. Heavy
rainfall across South Africa, Swaziland and Botswana also
affected many people. You can see a map showing the track
of the tropical storm on the BBC News Web Site [Click
Cyclone Eline formed due to the
sea temperatures being 27oC or above. This would have lead to
warm, humid air rising, cooling and the condensing. The gap left
by the rising air will have been filled by air which was sucked
into the system. This processes continues giving the hurricane
more and more energy. The air as it rises will start to spin because
of the rotating earth. The whole system then moved over land.
It is estimated that it will take years to rebuild after Mozambique
was severely damaged by three weeks of flooding and cyclone Eline.
The floods started on the 9th February with heavy rainfall hitting
Southern Africa. In South Africa 26 people were killed due to
the floods. However it was southern Mozambique that took the full
force of the rains and rising waters. Further north, hundreds
of thousands were left homeless as homes, bridges and crops were
destroyed. Many towns were left without clean water. Flooding
made the main road connecting the capital (Maputo) to the second
city Beira inaccessible. By the 11th February 70 people had lost
their lives. Botswana received 75% of its annual (how much it
gets in a year) rainfall in three days. 150,000 people are at
risk because of lack of food and diseases from lack of unclean
water. By the 22nd February there was worse to come. The full
force of the Cyclone hit Mozambique, with wind speeds of 160mph.
By the 2nd of March when the cyclone had passed it was estimated
that hundreds had died and hundreds of thousands had lost everything.
Farmland and crops where still underwater. AID- Mozambique is
a very poor country and is known as an LEDC. This means that when
natural hazards occur such as cyclone Eline, they have to ask
for foreign aid. The UN estimated that $13 million was needed
urgently for supplies such as medicine, food and clean water.
The government was also asking for $65 million from countries
to allow Mozambique to rebuild it's infrastructure. Other countries
where also sending in relief workers and helicopters, many people
needed to be rescued from the trees where they went to escape
the flood waters which had risen by 4-8 metres. One woman even
gave birth in the tree she was hanging onto.