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Tornadoes and Hurricanes

Tornadoes and hurricanes are often confused. Think of The Wizard of Oz and it should cunjure up visions of one of these weather phenomenom. Do you know which one? (check the bottom of the page to see if you're right!).

Tornadoes

Tornadoes occur in most parts of the world. However they are most frequent over the continental plains of the USA.

Tornadoes are typically identified as a funnel of spiralling air descending from the base of clouds to the earth. The tornado is usually narrow, about 1/2 km wide and rarely does it move more than 20 km.

Like hurricanes the precise mechanism of how the funnel forms in not understood.

Hurricane

Tropical Storms start within 8 and 15 north and south of the equator where surface sea temperatures reach 27C. The air above the warm sea is heated and rises. This causes low pressure.


The weather system generates heat which powers the storm, causing wind speeds to increase. This causes the Tropical Storm to sustain itself. Tropical storms rely on plenty of warm, moist air from the sea - this is why they die out over land.

The central part of the tropical storm is known as the eye. The eye is usually between 30-50km across. It is an area of calm, with light winds and no rain. It contains descending air. Large cumulonimbus clouds surround the eye. These are caused by moist air condensing as it rises. Wind speeds average 160km per hour around the eye. You can read more about tropical storms here.

 
Hurricanes
Tornadoes
Width
150km+
1/2 km
Location
8 and 15 north and south of the equator
Most parts of the world
Devlop over warm seas
Develop over land and sea (they are known as water spouts over the sea)

 

Now click your red shoes and watch out for tornadoes carrying houses!


GeoNet is not responsible for the content of any of these sites

 

[GCSE Bitesize - Tropical Storms]

Hurricanes

An overview of Hurricanes

American Red Cross - Guide to Hurricanes

National Hurricane Center

WeatherEye - The Greatest Storm on Earth

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