Europe's most active volcano. Etna is one of the largest continental
volcanoes. The base of the volcano is about 36 by 24 miles (60
x 40 km). Below an elevation of about 9,500 feet (2,900 m) Etna
is a shield. The upper 1,200 feet (400 m) is a stratovolcano
made of several coalesced vents. It erupted in a Strombolian
style in July 2001. [lava].
fissures cracked open on the mountain.
Etna is located 37.7N, 15.0E on the north east coats of the
Island of Sicily, Italy. It is 10,791 feet (3,290 m).
The main eruption
started on 12th July 2001.
accepted explanation for the formation of Mt. Etna is the subduction
of part of the northward-moving African Plate beneath the Eurasian
The lava flows
reached temperatures of 1,000 degrees Celsius.
swallowed up a huge cabin that housed snow ploughs, along with
a tourist car park and several ski lift pylons. It took the lava
two weeks, to reach the tourist centre of Rifugio Sapienza.
dams of earth and volcanic rock put up to protect the tourist
base, Rifugio Sapienza, diverted the flow and keeping it under
control. The Army heavy earth-moving equipment was brought in
by the Government to block and divert lava flows.
the 29th July The airport of Sicily's second city, Catania, was
forced to close while the runways are cleared of ash spewing from
the erupting Mount Etna volcano.
residents in Nicolosi, a village perched on the side of the volcano,
have been holding religious ceremonies in an attempt to reduce
the impact of the eruption.
is predicted that the winter tourist industry will be affected
by the eruption of Etna. Locals believe snow will not settle on
the flanks of the volcano due to the heat of the lava.
of the towns on Etna's slopes have been damaged, there have been
losses in agriculture and tourism. The Italian Government pledged
tax breaks for villagers to help get through the crisis and more
than $8m (£5.6m) in immediate financial assistance.
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