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GCSE Geography Revision Topics: Leisure and Tourism

National Parks
What might the examiner ask?

Leisure and tourism:

National Parks

Location and names of National Parks in England and Wales

  1. The Peak District
  2. The Lake District
  3. Northumberland
  4. Yorkshire Dales
  5. Snowdonia
  6. Pembrokeshire Coast
  7. Brecon Beacons
  8. Exmoor
  9. Dartmoor
  10. Norfolk Broads
  11. North Yorkshire Moors

Most National Parks are in highland areas. In some, like the Lake District and Snowdonia the scenery is largely the result of erosion by valley glaciers. In others, such as The Yorkshire Dales and The Peak District parks the presence of limestone rock has been a very big influence.

What is a National Park?

National Parks of England and Wales defined by an Act of Parliament (1949) as:

"areas of great natural beauty giving opportunity for open air recreation, established so that natural beauty can be preserved and enhanced, and so that the enjoyment of the scenery by the public can be promoted "

Why are National Parks being used more frequently?

  1. An increase in car ownership means people are now more mobile than in the past.
  2. People now have more leisure time
  3. Increase in wealth
  4. Easy access
  5. Longer paid holidays

What problems do people cause in National Parks?

  • Over crowding
  • Landuse conflict
  • Erosion
  • Litter
  • Damage to plants and trees
  • Traffic Congestion
  • Pollution

    What is a honeypot?

    A tourist honeypot is a place, which attracts large numbers of tourists. Examples include:

  • Castleton, Peak District
  • Helvellyn, Lake District
  • Malham, Yorkshire Dales

    Case Study = Castleton, Peak District

    What might the examiner ask?

    1. What is a honeypot?
    2. What problems arise in honeypot areas?
    3. What problems do tourists cause in National Parks?
    4. Explain why conflicts usually arise in National Parks
    5. How does the National Parks Authority try to reduce the impact of tourists?
    6. Why do more people use National Parks?

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